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«European Journal of Physical Education and Sport» - scientific journal.

E-ISSN 2409-1952

Publication frequency – once a year.
Issued from 2013.

1 March 20, 2015


Articles and Statements

1. Isaac Olusola Akindutire, Johnson Adetunji Olanipekun
Psycho-social Determinants in the Utilization Of Doping Substances by Athletes in Nigeria

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 4-8.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpe.2015.7.4CrossRef

Abstract:
The use of doping as a substance or method is potentially harmful to the health of the athletes and also gives them an unfair competitive edge. It represents an anathema, which poses great threat to the development of sports ideals in the modern day sports competitions. It is illegal and unethical to the sanctity of sports. It also has both short and long term side-effects on the athletes. This paper examined the psycho-social factors that may facilitate the utilization of doping substances either on a continuous or intermittent basis by athletes in Nigeria. A sample of 360 elite athletes in nine states of Nigeria was selected using purposive, simple and stratified random sampling techniques. A- 21- item self-developed questionnaire was used to gather relevant information for the study. Frequency counts, percentages and chi-square were used to analyze the data collected. Findings revealed that the prominent psychological and sociological determinants in the utilization of doping substances by athletes included the desire for excellent performance and gaining monetary or material rewards. It was therefore, recommended that athletes should be given social-network support, and be properly oriented towards adjustment to the various psycho-social conditions that may prompt them to the use of doping substances.

URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426866275.pdf
Number of views: 2802      Download in PDF


2. Elena Bendíková, Miroslava Szark - Eckardt, Hana Žukowska, Alicja Kostencka, Lukáš Šmída
The Level of Muscular System of Secondary School Pupils in Relation to Health

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 9-16.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpe.2015.7.9CrossRef

Abstract:
Article provides primary information about state and level of musculoskeletal system of secondary school female pupils of third grades in the Central (L. Mikuláš, Ružomberok) and Eastern (Košice, Prešov) parts of Slovakia. In terms of how data have been chosen we use standardized method of evaluating muscular system for clinical and educational practice where we found that the most common shortened muscle groups are significantly (p <0.1%): m. rectus fermor, m. trapezius (upper part), m. levator scapulae. At the same time the riskiest weakened muscle groups significantly (p <0.1%) include: hip extensors which are too risky and most often impaired movement stereotypes which are observed in the age group of female pupils. Symptoms of muscle imbalance as functional disorder was significantly acute pain in the monitored file schoolgirls. These findings are partially included in the grant VEGA no. 1/0376/14 Intervention of physical activity for the prevention of health of the population of Slovakia.

URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426866411.pdf
Number of views: 2864      Download in PDF


3. Alexander А. Fedyakin, Elena V. Kuvaldina
Analysis of Dissertation Research on Physical Education of Students

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 17-23.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpe.2015.7.17CrossRef

Abstract:
The paper analyzes the dissertation research on improving the process of physical education of university students. The basic directions of research done on this issue over the past decade are presented. In the problematic aspects the key issues relevant to the decision at present time are outlined. The ways of solving the mentioned problems are offered.

URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426866480.pdf
Number of views: 2450      Download in PDF


4. Aiman E. Konkabaeva, Gulmira M. Tykezhanova, Kundyz A. Nurlybaeva, Sholpan M. Nugumanova, Beybitgul A. Kanafina
Features of Adaptation of Students' Organism to Diving Hypoxia

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 24-30.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpe.2015.7.24CrossRef

Abstract:
The article contains questions of adaptation to cold-hypoxic-hypercapnic exposure, which is accompanied by the formation of resistance of specific and nonspecific character. It was revealed that specific adaptation to cold-hypoxic-hypercapnic exposure is accompanied by time increase of apnea, reduce of recovery time, and change of the speed characteristics of reactivity. Dynamics was observed already on the short-term stage of adaptation and fixed in the formation of stable adaptation under the exposure of cold-hypoxic-hypercapnic training. Adaptation to cold-hypoxic-hypercapnic exposure had a positive effect on the state of students' autonomic nervous system.

URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426866589.pdf
Number of views: 2411      Download in PDF


5. Aleksey N. Korolkov
Putting and Minigolf: Preferences for the Way of Holding the Club

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 31-45.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpe.2015.7.31CrossRef

Abstract:
This article discusses some of the biomechanical and physiological characteristics of holding the club when hitting the ball in putting and minigolf. Depending on the position of the player’s hands on the grip and the orientation of his stance relative to the hole, the author identifies four possible ways of performing playing actions. The author assesses the size of the gravitational and centrifugal forces acting on the player’s upper limbs when hitting the ball and determines the parameters of the zone of vision and the location of the projection of the “blind spot” and the zone of clear binocular vision onto the play surface. The article makes suppositions about the more effective way for the player to hold the club and maintain his stance when performing playing actions. To verify the hypothesis, the author experimentally determines the impact of various ways of holding the club and the player’s orientation relative to the hole on the player’s performance in the game. The experiment featured 16 minigolf players with different levels of qualification (from beginners to masters of sport). The participants were youths and girls ages 16 to 22. Each participant attempted 240 strikes in a regular stance and a reverse stance with a straight and a reverse grip (60 strikes for each variant of stance and way of holding the club). As a result of the experiment, using various statistical criteria, the author establishes that all variants of play are equally efficient and the technique of performing playing actions can vary and is chosen based on one’s subjective perceptions of the comfort of taking a strike. The effectiveness of a particular way of holding the club is, mainly, determined by the prior motor experience of the trial subjects.

URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426866655.pdf
Number of views: 2525      Download in PDF


6. Victor Koryagin, Oksana Blavt
Technological Conversion of a System for Test Control of the Leaping Ability

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 46-51.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpe.2015.7.46CrossRef

Abstract:
This article addresses issues related to test control of the development level of leaping ability parameters in the physical preparation process. An analytical analysis of theoretical studies on the topic and of a number of existing approaches to the process of monitoring the takeoff height has provided grounds to conclude that there are discrepancies between the need for ensuring the promptness and objectiveness of control and the impossibility of getting it done. The author proposes the use of a developed automated system put together based on the latest achievements in electronics. The system ensures prompt receipt of credible testing data and helps determine a number of crucial parameters that characterize the leaping ability level, which can help resolve, in an integrated manner, issues related to current control. This may lead us to make quite a substantiated conclusion about the need for adjusting practice programs in accordance with results obtained.

URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426866761.pdf
Number of views: 2553      Download in PDF


7. Fedor B. Litvin, Svetlana S. Goloshchapova, Ivan P. Anosov, Tatiana I. Stanishevskay, Viktoriay S. Nikitina
Prospects of Using the Bilar Api-Product for Boosting the Functional Potential of Athletes’ Microhemocirculation System

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 52-58.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpe.2015.7.52CrossRef

Abstract:
This study aims to assess the effect of Bilar, a product made from the honey bee drone larvae, on stationary and oscillatory characteristics of athletes’ microcirculation system. The study featured 54 athletes practicing judo. Data obtained before and after the course intake of the api-product testifies to the economicalness of the operation of the microcirculation system at rest, which is manifested in a decline in the perfusion and diffusion of oxygen from the blood to the tissues and its utilization by the tissues. The effectiveness of the use of the natural adaptogen was accompanied by an increase in neurogenic and myogenic vasodilatation. Incorporating Bilar into athletes’ diet at the pre-competition training cycle stage improves microhemodynamics, stimulates the utilization of oxygen from the blood to the tissues, and boosts microvessel reactivity, which expands the body’s adaptation/accustomization potential at the tissue level.

URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426866869.pdf
Number of views: 2459      Download in PDF


8. Mohammadreza Moradi
Modeling the Relationship between Work Motivation and Employees’ Organizational Citizenship Behaviors of Youth and Sport Offices in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 59-67.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpe.2015.7.59CrossRef

Abstract:
This research was performed to consider the effects of work motivation on organizational citizenship behaviors of Youth and Sport Office employees in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. All Youth and Sport Office employees in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province (N=152) completed the The Motivation Sources Inventory (Barbut, 2004) and direct managers of these employees evaluated the organizational citizenship behaviors of them by using the Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Scale (Podsakof et al, 1990). A total 152 questionnaires were distributed, 140 of them (92.5 %) were considered as sample. A positive and significant relationship was found between dimensions of work motivation and organizational citizenship behaviors (r=0.29 and p<0.01). Also the results of multiple regression indicated that two dimensions of Self-Concept Internal Motivation and Instrumental Motivation are eligible in order to anticipating organizational citizenship behaviors. Modeling structural equations indicates that 24 % of changes in organizational citizenship behaviors can be defined by work motivation. These results indicated that each dimension of work motivation partially defines organizational citizenship behaviors and it is required that managers upgrade their organization by identification and amplification of work motivation dimensions specially, Self-Concept Internal Motivation and Instrumental Motivation for incidence of organizational citizenship behaviors and finally the effectiveness of their organizations.

URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426866953.pdf
Number of views: 3271      Download in PDF


9. Igor A. Yurov
The Levels of Claims and Expectations as the Predictors of Success Among Athletes

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 68-76.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpe.2015.7.68CrossRef

Abstract:
The quantitative and qualitative characteristic of level of claims of athletes-swimmers of different qualification is presented in article. Perspective, tactical and operational levels of claims are presented. Psychological distinctions of level of claims at athletes of different qualification are established. Expectation level in sports as the integrated characteristic of all types of preparation in which the dominating role is carried out by psychological preparation is defined. The obtained data allow to claim about need of psychological escort of athletes from the beginning of sports career before its involution.

URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426867011.pdf
Number of views: 2673      Download in PDF


10.
full number
URL: http://ejournal7.com/journals_n/1426867043.pdf
Number of views: 2605      Download in PDF





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